Urbanization -in- Pre Islamic civilization

Miniature of the Book of Kings showing Xursaw administering with justice the Emperor

The King who held the “gift of good”, according to the Zoroastrian eschatological vision, is rewarded in the afterlife to the dimension of gētīg, a realm of pure and shining sun, to be among the colorful souls of those who have had good thoughts, kind words, and just actions. While on the other hand, the bad ruler who was merciless and unjust towards men, shall be tormented in hell by fifty demons. Xusraw’s immortal soul (531-579 d.C.) embodied all these gifts and talents in the culture handed down by Islam, representing the ideal representation of the philosopher-king who was fair and considerate to his people. Justice from the prince is the prosperity of the country, and, infact, Xusraw even set up a court in defense of the poor and destitute. Each prominent figure in the Sassanid court would assume the role of the wise. It was customary, moreover, for the king on the day of his coronation, on the occasion of nowrūz (the feast of the new year during the spring equinox), to hold a moralizing keynote speech on the throne. The great Persian poet Ferdowsī, who lived in the XI century and who is the author of Sahname, The Book of Kings”, recounts Iran’s epic National Tradition: speeches from the throne of the Iranian kings, beginning with Gayōmard, who is the first man according to Iranian mythology.

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